Trichomonas vaginalis AND HIV INFECTION: RELATION AND PREVALENCE AMONG WOMEN IN SOUTHERN BRAZIL

Autores

  • Mirian Pinheiro Bruni Universidade Federal de Pelotas
  • Carolina Caetano dos Santos
  • Dulce Stauffert
  • Nilton da Cunha Filho
  • Guilherme de Oliveira Bicca
  • Mariângela Freitas da Silveira
  • Nara Amélia da Rosa Farias

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5216/rpt.v48i1.55324

Resumo

Trichomoniasis is a curable sexually transmitted infection (STI) that has been reported to be linked to exposure to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), although few studies have described this association. The purpose of this study was to focus on the incidence of trichomoniasis in low-income women, its relation to HIV status, viral load levels and TCD4+ cell counts, among other risk factors, using an in vitro culture as a diagnostic test. A crosssectional study among 267 women (103 HIV-positive and 164 HIV-negative) was conducted in 2015. The overall prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) infection was 6.4%. Among HIVpositive and HIV-negative women, the prevalence was 3.9% and 7.9%, respectively, yet these results were not statistically different (p=0.1878). The factors associated with TV infection were cigarette smoking (OR= 3.52), vaginal itching (OR=4.43) and bacterial vaginosis (BV) (OR= 5.29). HIV status, TCD4+ cell count and viral load were not associated with TV infection in this group. The prevalence rates found, lower than those observed in other studies, may be due to the fact that the women evaluated in the present study are part of a low-risk population
as well as the limited sample size of HIV positive women.

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Biografia do Autor

Mirian Pinheiro Bruni, Universidade Federal de Pelotas

Farmacêutica, Mestre e Doutoranda em Ciênicas Biológicas, com ênfase em Parasitologia UFPEL, RS, Brasil.

Carolina Caetano dos Santos

Post Graduation Program in Parasitology, Biology Institute, Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel), Pelotas, Brazil.

Dulce Stauffert

Maternal and Child Department, School of Medicine, UFPel, Pelotas, Brazil.

Nilton da Cunha Filho

Post Graduation Program in Parasitology, Biology Institute, Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel), Pelotas, Brazil.

Guilherme de Oliveira Bicca

Maternal and Child Department, School of Medicine, UFPel, Pelotas, Brazil.

Mariângela Freitas da Silveira

Maternal and Child Department, School of Medicine, UFPel, Pelotas, Brazil.

Nara Amélia da Rosa Farias

Post Graduation Program in Parasitology, Biology Institute, Federal University of Pelotas (UFPel), Pelotas, Brazil.

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Publicado

15-04-2019

Como Citar

Bruni, M. P., Caetano dos Santos, C., Stauffert, D., da Cunha Filho, N., de Oliveira Bicca, G., Freitas da Silveira, M., & Amélia da Rosa Farias, N. (2019). Trichomonas vaginalis AND HIV INFECTION: RELATION AND PREVALENCE AMONG WOMEN IN SOUTHERN BRAZIL. Revista De Patologia Tropical / Journal of Tropical Pathology, 48(1), 15–24. https://doi.org/10.5216/rpt.v48i1.55324

Edição

Seção

ARTIGOS ORIGINAIS / ORIGINAL ARTICLES