MODELS AND THE DYNAMICS OF THEORIES

Autores

  • Paulo Abrantes UnB

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5216/phi.v9i2.3043

Resumo

Abstract: This paper gives a historical overview of the ways various trends in the philosophy of science dealt with models and their relationship with the topics of heuristics and theoretical dynamics. First of all, N. Campbell’s account of analogies as components of scientific theories is presented. Next, the notion of ‘model’ in the reconstruction of the structure of scientific theories proposed by logical empiricists is examined. This overview finishes with M. Hesse’s attempts to develop Campbell’s early ideas in terms of an analogical inference. The final part of the paper points to contemporary developments on these issues which adopt a cognitivist perspective. It is indicated how discussions in the cognitive sciences might help to flesh out some of the insights philosophers of science had concerning the role models and analogies play in actual scientific theorizing. Key words: models, analogical reasoning, metaphors in science, the structure of scientific theories, theoretical dynamics, heuristics, scientific discovery.

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Publicado

24-12-2007

Como Citar

Abrantes, P. (2007). MODELS AND THE DYNAMICS OF THEORIES. Philósophos - Revista De Filosofia, 9(2). https://doi.org/10.5216/phi.v9i2.3043

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